## Algorithm

There are some permutation generation techniques in Knuth’s book “The Art of Computer Programming - Volume 1”. One of the processes is as follows: For each permutation A1A2 . . . An−1 form n others by inserting a character n in all possible places obtaining nA1A2 . . . An−1, A1nA2 . . . An−1, . . . , A1A2 . . . nAn−1, A1A2 . . . An−1n For example, from the permutation 231 inserting 4 in all possible places we get 4231 2431 2341 2314 Following this rule you have to generate all the permutation for a given set of characters. All the given characters will be different and there number will be less than 10 and they all will be alpha numerals. This process is recursive and you will have to start recursive call with the first character and keep inserting the other characters in order. The sample input and output will make this clear. Your output should exactly mach the sample output for the sample input. Input The input contains several lines of input. Each line will be a sequence of characters. There will be less than ten alphanumerals in each line. The input will be terminated by “End of File”. Output For each line of input generate the permutation of those characters. The input ordering is very important for the output. That is the permutation sequence for ‘abc’ and ‘bca’ will not be the same. Separate each set of permutation output with a blank line. Sample Input abc bca dcba Sample Output cba bca bac cab acb abc acb cab cba abc bac bca abcd bacd bcad bcda acbd cabd cbad cbda acdb cadb cdab cdba abdc badc bdac bdca adbc dabc dbac dbca adcb dacb dcab dcba

## Code Examples

### #1 Code Example with C Programming

```Code - C Programming```

``````#include <bits/stdc++.h>
using namespace std;

// can be further optimized by doing character swapping at each pos

void dfs(string& in,int idx,string cur){
if(cur.length() == in.length()){
cout << cur << endl;
return;
}
for(int i=0;i<=cur.length();i++){
dfs(in,idx+1,cur.substr(0,i)+in[idx]+cur.substr(i));
}
}

int main()
{
string in;
bool notfirst = false;
while(cin >> in){
if(notfirst) cout << endl;
notfirst = true;
dfs(in,0,"">;
}
}``````
Copy The Code &

Input

cmd
abc
bca
dcba

Output

cmd
cba
bca
bac
cab
acb
abc
acb
cab
cba
abc
bac
bca
abcd
bacd
bcda
acbd
cabd
cbda
acdb
cdab
cdba
abdc
bdac
bdca