## Algorithm

Problem Name: Basic Data Types

In this HackerRank Functions in C++ programming problem solution,

Some C++ data types, their format specifiers, and their most common bit widths are as follows:

• Int ("%d"): 32 Bit integer
• Long ("%ld"): 64 bit integer
• Char ("%c"): Character type
• Float ("%f"): 32 bit real value
• Double ("%lf"): 64 bit real value

To read a data type, use the following syntax:

``````scanf("`format_specifier`", &val)
``````

For example, to read a character followed by a double:

``````char ch;
double d;
scanf("%c %lf", &ch, &d);
``````

For the moment, we can ignore the spacing between format specifiers.

Printing
To print a data type, use the following syntax:

``````printf("`format_specifier`", val)
``````

For example, to print a character followed by a double:

``````char ch = 'd';
double d = 234.432;
printf("%c %lf", ch, d);
``````

Note: You can also use cin and cout instead of scanf and printf; however, if you are taking a million numbers as input and printing a million lines, it is faster to use scanf and printf.

Input Format

Input consists of the following space-separated values: int, long, char, float, and double, respectively.

Output Format

Print each element on a new line in the same order it was received as input. Note that the floating point value should be correct up to 3 decimal places and the double to 9 decimal places.

Sample Input

``````3 12345678912345 a 334.23 14049.30493
``````

Sample Output

``````3
12345678912345
a
334.230
14049.304930000
``````

## Code Examples

### #1 Code Example with C++ Programming

```Code - C++ Programming```

``````
#include <iostream>
#include <iomanip>
using namespace std;

int main(void)
{
int a;
long b;
long long int c;
char d;
float e;
double f;

cin >> a >> b >> c >> d >> e >> f;

cout << a << endl;
cout << b << endl;
cout << c << endl;
cout << d << endl;
cout << fixed << setprecision(2) << e << endl;
cout << fixed << setprecision(5) << f << endl;

return 0;
}
``````
Copy The Code &

Input

cmd
3 12345678912345 a 334.23 14049.30493

Output

cmd
3 12345678912345 a 334.230 14049.304930000