## Algorithm

Problem Name: Sql - Weather Observation Station 5

In this HackerRank Functions in SQL problem solution,

Query the two cities in STATION with the shortest and longest CITY names, as well as their respective lengths (i.e.: number of characters in the name). If there is more than one smallest or largest city, choose the one that comes first when ordered alphabetically.
The STATION table is described as follows:

where LAT_N is the northern latitude and LONG_W is the western longitude.

Sample Input

For example, CITY has four entries: DEF,ABC,PQRS and WXY

Sample Output

``````ABC 3
PQRS 4
``````

Explanation

When ordered alphabetically, the CITY names are listed as ABC , DEF, PQRS and WXY , with lengths 3,3 ,4 and 3. The longest name is PQRS but there are 3 options for shortest named city. Choose ABC , because it comes first alphabetically.

Note
You can write two separate queries to get the desired output. It need not be a single query.

## Code Examples

### #1 Code Example with SQL

```Code - SQL```

``````
SELECT CITY, LENGTH(CITY) FROM STATION
ORDER BY LENGTH(CITY), CITY
LIMIT 1;

SELECT CITY, LENGTH(CITY) FROM STATION
ORDER BY LENGTH(CITY) DESC, CITY
LIMIT 1;
``````
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