## Algorithm

Problem Name: 608. Tree Node

SQL Schema

Table: `Tree`

```+-------------+------+
| Column Name | Type |
+-------------+------+
| id          | int  |
| p_id        | int  |
+-------------+------+
id is the primary key column for this table.
Each row of this table contains information about the id of a node and the id of its parent node in a tree.
The given structure is always a valid tree.
```

Each node in the tree can be one of three types:

• "Leaf": if the node is a leaf node.
• "Root": if the node is the root of the tree.
• "Inner": If the node is neither a leaf node nor a root node.

Write an SQL query to report the type of each node in the tree.

Return the result table in any order.

The query result format is in the following example.

Example 1:

```Input:
Tree table:
+----+------+
| id | p_id |
+----+------+
| 1  | null |
| 2  | 1    |
| 3  | 1    |
| 4  | 2    |
| 5  | 2    |
+----+------+
Output:
+----+-------+
| id | type  |
+----+-------+
| 1  | Root  |
| 2  | Inner |
| 3  | Leaf  |
| 4  | Leaf  |
| 5  | Leaf  |
+----+-------+
Explanation:
Node 1 is the root node because its parent node is null and it has child nodes 2 and 3.
Node 2 is an inner node because it has parent node 1 and child node 4 and 5.
Nodes 3, 4, and 5 are leaf nodes because they have parent nodes and they do not have child nodes.
```

Example 2:

```Input:
Tree table:
+----+------+
| id | p_id |
+----+------+
| 1  | null |
+----+------+
Output:
+----+-------+
| id | type  |
+----+-------+
| 1  | Root  |
+----+-------+
Explanation: If there is only one node on the tree, you only need to output its root attributes.
```

## Code Examples

### #1 Code Example with SQL

```Code - SQL```

``````
# Write your MySQL query statement below
select distinct
t1.id,
case when t1.p_id is NULL then 'Root'
when t2.id is NULL then 'Leaf'
else 'Inner'
end as Type
from tree t1 left join tree t2 on t1.id = t2.p_id;
``````
Copy The Code &

Input

cmd
Tree table: +----+------+ | id | p_id | +----+------+ | 1 | null | | 2 | 1 | | 3 | 1 | | 4 | 2 | | 5 | 2 | +----+------+

Output

cmd
+----+-------+ | id | type | +----+-------+ | 1 | Root | | 2 | Inner | | 3 | Leaf | | 4 | Leaf | | 5 | Leaf | +----+-------+